Prolonged Family Violence

Trauma can also include prolonged family violence which could involve: physical, sexual and emotional abuse within the family context. It can also involve witnessing violence in the home between caregivers. In addition, and what is often overlooked as having a significant impact is the experience of childhood neglect. There is research to suggest that psychological abuse is also highly correlated to adult depression (Bifulco et. al, 2002).


"Everyone has a right to have a present and future that are not completely dominated and dictated by the past" - Karen Saakvitne